Legislation and Analysis

Immigration is a critically important issue for farmworkers. Learn about current legislation proposals impacting farmworkers.


The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013, S.744: On June 27, 2013, the Senate passed the Border Security, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013, S. 744, by a bipartisan vote of 68-32. The bill’s passage brings us one step closer to fixing our broken immigration policy and modernizing agricultural labor relations. Farmworker Justice’s statement on the bill’s passage is available here.

S.744 is a bipartisan comprehensive immigration reform bill authored by eight Senators (Senators McCain (R-AZ), Graham (R-SC), Flake (R-AZ), Rubio (R-FL), Schumer (D-NY), Durbin (D-IL), Menendez (D-NJ) and Bennet (D-CO)--coined the “Gang of 8”). The bill contains the agricultural stakeholder agreement that is the result of intense negotiations between agribusiness representatives and the United Farm Workers, led by Senators Feinstein (D-Cal.), Bennet (D-Col.), Rubio (R-Fla.), and Hatch (R-Ut.). S. 744 also includes Subtitle F, Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Abuses Involving Workers Recruited Abroad, which provides important protections to address abuse in the international recruitment of workers across visa programs. The widespread discrimination, fraud, and recruitment fees during the recruitment process drastically impact the experience of workers during recruitment and once they are in the US.

Legislative text: The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013, S.744

► For more information on the other provisions of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013, read the National Immigration Law Center’s summary.

Agricultural Compromise

Legislative text: Agricultural Compromise, Title II, Subtitle B

► Read Farmworker Justice's summary of the agriculture immigration stakeholder agreement in the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013

United Farm Workers’ letter of support for farmworker provisions


International Labor Recruitment Provisions

Legislative text: Title III, Subtitle F, Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Abuses Involving Workers Recruited Abroad

► UFW/Farmworker Justice fact sheet: The Vital Importance of Oversight of the International Labor Recruitment System

International Labor Recruitment Working Group fact sheet: Senate Bill Improvements to International Labor Recruitment


Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, S.744

 ► Testimony of Arturo Rodriguez, President of the United Farm Workers

Senate Judiciary Committee Mark-up of S. 744

Farmworker Justice Analysis

Farmworker Justice/UFW letter

Senate Judiciary Committee website and amendments considered


House of Representatives

8/1/2013: The House is expected to move forward on immigration reform in the fall.  Talking points on immigration reform for farmworkers that can be used in meetings with Congressional staff are available here.

The Agricultural Guestworker Act, H.R. 1773, Rep. Goodlatte (R-VA)
On June 19th, the House Judiciary Committee passed Chairman  Bob Goodlatte's Agricultural Guestworker Act, HR 1773, by a vote of 20-16 along party lines. Rep. Goodlatte’s “Ag Act” is a one-sided and harsh bill that stands in stark contrast to the balanced stakeholder agreement. The bill would create a massive new agricultural guestworker program, which would deprive U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents of job opportunities, lower farmworkers’ already poor wages, and allow exploitative conditions for hundreds of thousands of new guestworkers. Significantly, Goodlatte’s bill fails to address our broken immigration system and does not offer an opportunity for the current experienced farmworkers who lack authorized immigration status to earn a roadmap to citizenship.  

Farmworker Justice’s Fact Sheet
Farmworker Justice's Talking Points on H.R. 1733
Farmworker Justice’s Press Statement
Legislative Language H.R. 1773
► House Judiciary Committee hearing on the Agricultural Guestworker Act, H.R. 1773
► House Judiciary Committee mark-up of the Agr icultural Guestworker Act, H.R. 1773
► Farmworker Justice's Additional Talking Points on the Treatment of Undocumented Workers in H.R. 1773
► Farmworker Justice and the United Farm Workers sent to the House of Representives this sign-on letter in which over 200 organizations oppose Rep. Goodlatte’s Agricultural Guestworker Act, HR 1773.  


Rep. Ross ( R-FL), Legal Agricultural Workforce Act, H.R. 242
On January 14, 2013, Rep. Ross introduced the Legal Agricultural Workforce Act, HR 242, which would devastate America’s farmworkers and endanger our nation’s food system. Rep. Ross proposes a massive new guestworker program with no meaningful labor protections. Rep. Ross ignores the lessons of history by eliminating virtually all of the labor protections that have been recognized for decades as necessary to prevent displacement of U.S. workers, depression of U.S. workers’ wage rates, and exploitation of foreign citizens.

Farmworker Justice Fact Sheet
Legislative Language

White House 

Priorities for Immigration Reform: On January 29th, 2013, President Obama gave a speech in Las Vegas, laying out his priorities for immigration reform.
Farmworker Justice's Statement 
► White House Fact Sheet: Fixing our Broken Immigration System so Everyone Plays by the Rules