ALABAMA - Workers’ Rights

Definition of agricultural worker under state law:

Alabama state law does not define agricultural worker but it does define “agricultural
operations” (at ALA. CODE § 2-3A-2) Elsewhere, the Alabama code refers to an agricultural worker as a “farm laborer” and an agricultural employer as a “farm-labor employer.” (See ALA. CODE § 25-5-50 (Workers Compensation Statute, Applicability)). These terms are not defined, but have been subject to judicial interpretation. (See, e.g., JWM, Inc. v. Raines, 779 So.2d 247 (Ala. App. Ct. 2000))

Wages and Overtime

Minimum Wage

Alabama does not have a state minimum wage law. Note: Alabama has a state law preempting local governments from adopting minimum wages above the federal minimum wage. Ala. Code § 25-7-42.


Alabama does not have a state law regarding overtime pay.

State Enforcement Agency

Federal Enforcement Agency:
U.S. Department of Labor – Alabama Offices 

Relevant Forms:

Occupational Safety and Health

Workers’ Compensation

Alabama does not require agricultural employers to provide workers’ compensation coverage to their employees, though they may elect to do so. (ALA. CODE § 25-5-50)

State Enforcement Agency:
Alabama Department of Labor

Relevant Forms:

Field Sanitation

Alabama does not have a state law regarding field sanitation. 

Federal Enforcement Agency:
US Department of Labor, OSHA


Pesticide Safety

Right to Join Unions and Collective Bargaining in Agriculture

State Legal Services Organizations

Southern Migrant Legal Services – A Project of Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, Inc.

Southern Poverty Law Center- Immigrant Justice Project